Glossary

Absolute time(絕對時間)

Alteration(蝕變作用)

Amorphous(非晶質的)

Amygdule(杏仁孔)

Angular unconformity(交角不整合)

Anticline(背斜層)

Basic rock(基性岩)

Bedding(層理) Stratification(層理)

Bowen's Reaction Series(包溫氏反應系列)

Cementation(膠結作用)

Clay minerals(黏土礦物)

Cleavage[mineral](解理--『礦物』)

Cleavage[structure](劈理--『岩石/構造地質』)

Coercivity(頑性)

Coesite(柯石英)

Concretion(結核)

Corona texture(冠狀組織)

Creep(潛移)

CRM(結晶殘磁或化學殘磁)

Crystal form(晶形)

Crystal habit(晶癖)

Crystal mush(晶漿)

Curie point(居禮點)

Diagenesis(成岩作用)

Eclogite(榴輝岩)

Electron Probe Microanalysis,EPMA(電子微探分析)

Epicenter(震央)

εNd(Epsilon Nd)

Erosion(侵蝕作用)

Euhedral(自形)

Exhumation(剝露作用)

Exposure(露頭)

Exsolution(偏析或離析作用)

Face pole(晶面極)

Fault (斷層)

Focus(震源) Hypocenter(震源)

Fold(褶皺)

Foliation(葉理)

Fracture(斷口)

Fringing Reef(裙礁)

Gas hydrate(天然氣水合物)

Garnet group(石榴子石群)

Graywacke(Greywacke)(雜砂岩)

Greenschist facies(綠色片岩相)

Geode(晶洞)

Glassy(玻璃質)

Gneissosity(片麻理/片麻構造)

Graphic granite(文象花崗岩)

Herkimer Diamond(赫爾基摩鑽石)

Hot spot(熱點)

Hydrothermal water(熱液)

Igneous(火成岩)

Inclination(磁傾角)

Inclusions(包裹體)

Inclusions(包裹體) - 包裹體之成因與類型

Isochron(等時線)

Isotope(同位素)

Joint(節理)

K-mica crystallinity(鉀雲母結晶度)

Kimberlites(金伯利岩(慶伯利岩))

Komatiite(科馬提岩(鎂橄玄武岩))

Landslide(山崩)

Lava(熔岩)

Limestone(石灰岩)

Lithification(岩化作用)

Liquefaction(土壤液化)

Lithology(岩性學)

Law of faunal succession(化石連續定律)

Mafic rock(鐵鎂質岩)

Mantle(地函)

Marine magnetic anomaly(海洋磁性異常 )

Mass movement(塊體移動)

Mass wasting, mass movement(塊體運動)

Melange(混同層)

Metabasite(變質基性岩)

Metamict(輻射變晶)

Metamorphism(變質作用)

Metamorphism(變質作用)

Metasomatism(換質作用)

Mid-oceanic ridge(中洋脊)

Mid-ocean ridge basalt, MORB(中洋脊玄武岩)

Mineralization(礦化作用)

Mineralogy(礦物學)

Mineraloids(似礦物)

Miscibility gap(互溶間隙)

Moho discontinuity(莫荷不連續面)

Mohs hardness scale(摩氏硬度表)

Mylonite(縻嶺岩)

Natural remanent magnetization(自然殘磁)

Obsidian(黑燿岩)

Ocean Drilling Program(海洋鑽探計畫)

Olistostrome(傾瀉層)

Onion-skin weathering(洋蔥風化)

Ophiolite(蛇綠岩系)

Oxbow lake(牛軛湖)

Paired metamorphic belts(成雙變質帶)

Pegmatite(偉晶花崗岩)

Perthite(條紋長石)

Petrology(岩石學)

Petrography(岩象學)

Phantom crystal(幻晶)

Phyllite rock(千枚岩)

Placer(砂礫礦)

Plate(板塊)

Plume Model(熱柱模式)

Plutonic rock(深成岩)

Pillow lava(枕狀岩流)

Pleochroism(多色性)

Polymorphism(同質異形)

Polytypism(疊形)

Porphyritic basalt(斑狀玄武岩)

Porphyritic rock(斑岩)

Porphyroblast(斑狀變晶)

Pseudomorph(假晶)

Pumice(浮石)

Pyroclastic rock(火山碎屑岩)

Pyrrhotite(磁黃鐵礦)

Pyroelectricity(焦電性)

Rare earth element,REE(稀土元素)

Recrystallization(再結晶作用)

Rejuvenation(回春作用)

Relative time(相對時間)

Remanent coercivity,Hcr(殘磁頑性)

Saponite(皂石)

Saturation remance magnetic susceptibility(飽和殘磁)

Schistosity(片理)

Secondary minerals(次生礦物)

Serpentinization(蛇紋石化作用)

Sheeted dikes(蓆狀岩牆)

Silicified wood(矽化木)

Skeletal crystal ; skeleton crystal(骸晶)

Slump, Slumping(崩移)

Smectite(膨潤石)

Sorting(淘選作用)

Spherulite(球粒)

Spilite(細碧岩)

Spinel group(尖晶石族)

Steno's Law(史坦諾定律)

Streak(條痕)

Strike-slip fault(平移斷層)

Subduction zone(隱沒帶)

Subduction(隱沒)

Symmetry(對稱)

Syncline(向斜層)

Symplectite (後成合晶)

Texture(岩理/組織)

Terrigenous deposite(陸源沈積物)

The principle of stratigraphic superposition(地層疊置原理)

Thin out(尖滅)

Transform fault(轉形斷層)

Twin(雙晶)

Uniformitarianism(均變說)

Unit cell(晶室)

Uralitization(纖閃石化/假像纖閃石化)

Weathering(風化作用)




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